Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. The spine is the central structure in the body, and your back muscles are involved in every lift, bend or twist that you do. Because of that, the spine undergoes a lot of stress whether you are sitting, standing or lying down, and it is therefore very prone to injury. Our spinal surgeons are experts in their field—offering the treatment options and return to function that you deserve.
The spine is the central structure in the body. It is made up of 33 individual bones that are stacked on top of one another, connected through spinal discs. This special stacked spinal structure allows people to bend, twist and flex their body.
Apart from the ease of movement, the spine also helps protect vital organs from shock and injury. Important blood vessels and sensitive nerves that run through the spine supply blood to the limbs and head, while also allowing you to move your arms and legs.
Generally, the anatomy of the spine is understood by dividing it into three different sections.
The section at the top is the cervical spine. It runs from the shoulders to the neck and connects with the skull. The middle section is called the thoracic spine, which is a curved section that runs down the back. This section of the spine is connected with the ribcage. The section at the bottom is called the lumbar spine, which connects to the sacrum, a wedge-shaped vertebra at the base of the spine.
The cervical spine consists of 7 vertebrae bones, the thoracic contains 12 vertebrae, and the lumbar has 5 vertebrae. There are five additional bones in the sacral region of the spine and four in the coccygeal region, which are part of the vertebral column and run into the hips.
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